The comparitive and superlative in German

Comparisons of equality

Equal comparisons are expressed by so/ebenso/genauso + adjective/adverb + wie.
  • Anne ist genauso groß wie Laura.
    Anne is just as big as Laura.

Comparisons of inferiority

Comparisons of inferiority are expressed by nicht so + adjective/adverb + wie.
  • Wir sind nicht so faul wie die andere Klasse.
    We are not as lazy as the other class.

Comparisons of superiority

Comparisons of superiority are expressed by adding an -er ending to an adjective or adverb preceding als.
  • Meine Tasche ist schöner als deine.
    My bag is prettier than yours.
If it is continuous, you would use immer + comparative.
  • Es wird immer dunkler.
    It is getting increasingly dark.
Watch out for irregular comparative adjectives:
Translation Adjective Comparative
soon bald eher
gladly gern lieber
good gut besser
high hoch höher
a lot viel mehr
Some adjectives take on an umlaut in comparative (alt, groß, jung, nah, stark, warm, etc.)
  • Es ist kälter als gestern.
    It is colder than yesterday.

The superlative adjective

The superlative of an adjective is expressed by a -st or -est ending followed by the declination. The ending -est is used for the sake of euphony.
  • Das ist die kleinste Katze der Welt.
    That is the smallest cat in the world.

The superlative adverb

The superlative of an adverb is created with am + adverb + -sten.
  • Er arbeitet am schnellsten.
    He works the fastest.
Watch out for irregulars:
Translation Adjective Comparative
soon bald am ehesten
big groß am größten
gladly gern am liebsten
good gut am besten
high hoch am nächsten
a lot viel am meisten
As in the comparative, some take on an umlaut in the superlative (alt, groß, jung, nah, stark, warm, etc.).
  • Das klügste Mädchen der Klasse.
    The smartest girl in the class.