Spanish | Phrases - Academic | Opening

Opening - Introduction

In this essay/paper/thesis I shall examine/investigate/evaluate/analyze…
En este ensayo/tesis analizaré/investigaré/evaluaré...
General opening for an essay/thesis
To answer this question, we begin by taking a closer look at…
Para responder esta pregunta, nos enfocaremos en...
To introduce a specfic area of a subject on which you shall focus
The question, whether…has been preoccupying the experts for some time.
La idea de... ha preocupado a los expertos desde hace algún tiempo.
General opening to introduce a subject
It is a well-known fact that…
Ya es bien sabido que...
General opening to introduce a subject that is well-known
A great deal is being written and said about…
Mucho se ha escrito sobre...
General opening to introduce a subject
It is generally agreed today that…
Actualmente se concuerda en términos generales con...
General opening to introduce a subject that is generally agreed upon, but which you would like to question
We then review the factors…
Examinaremos los factores...
Developing your opening to describe exactly what your thesis involves
We build on this analysis to identify…
Nos basaremos en este análisis para identificar...
Developing your opening to describe exactly what your thesis involves
A persistent theme in...is…
Un tema persistente en... es...
Introducing the main themes
As an empirical phenomenon, ... has been observed repeatedly.
Como fenómeno empírico,... ha sido observado repetidamente.
To emphasize the importance of your study
Against this background, the central question that motivates this paper is: ...
En este contexto, la interrogante central que da pie a este trabajo es...
Specific statement saying what your study is about, comes after general background information
This research explores the causes of…
Esta investigación explora las causas de...
Specific statement of intention for your research
The authors of more recent studies have proposed that…
Los autores de los más recientes estudios han propuesto que...
Used to present the current academic thinking around your chosen subject
Our purpose is to…
Tenemos como propósito...
Used to state the main aims of the study
By empirically examining..., we hope to produce a more complete understanding of…
Al analizar empíricamente..., esperamos generar un mejor entendimiento de...
Used to describe your method and introduce the central aspect of the study

Opening - Definition

By definition… means…
...es por definición...
Used to define a certain word
For the purposes of this essay, the term… will be taken to mean…
Para efectos de este ensayo, el término... se definirá como...
Used to define a certain word
It is important to be clear about the definition of…
Es importante entender correctamente la definición de...
Used to define a certain word
The term… refers to…
El término... se refiere a...
Used to define a certain word
The standard model suggests that… can be defined as…
El modelo estándar sugiere que... podría ser definido(a) como...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
According to..., …is defined as…
De acuerdo con..., ... se define como...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
…may be defined in many ways. Some people argue that the term denotes…
... puede ser definido(a) de muchas formas. Algunos sostienen que el término denota...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
…is commonly understood to mean…
... se entiende como...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
What we usually have in mind when we talk about… is…
Cuando hablamos de... generalmente pensamos en...
Used to describe a word, for which a definition has been suggested, but leaves the possibility for personal interpretation
Two brief examples might clarify this concept.
Dos cortos ejemplos podrían aclarar este concepto.
A statement, after which you can use examples to define an idea
It is important to emphasize…
Es importante enfatizar...
Used when wanting to draw attention to your definition
Our focus is on…
Nuestro punto de enfoque será...
A casual way to define a certain word
Finally, we should clarify our definition of…
Finalmente, quisiéramos aclarar la definición de...
Used towards the end of a paragraph, in order to define a certain word
What we mean is that…
Queremos decir...
Used to further explain a definition or give examples of that definition
Several explanations have been offered.
Se han ofrecido varias explicaciones...
A statement, after which you can further explain your definition
We can characterize these explanations as being rooted in…
Podemos decir que estas explicaciones tienen su base en...
Used to clarify the basis for your definition
These explanations complement each other and help to illuminate the phenomenon of…
Estas explicaciones se complementan y ayudan a aclarar el fenómeno de...
Used after having given two similar examples, which together can be used to define a word
Following..., scholars have argued that …
Basados en las afirmaciones de X, los expertos han alegado que...
Used when there is one clear expert in your field, but others have contributed towards his definition

Opening - Hypothesis

The central question then becomes: how might… affect…?
La principal interrogante sería: ¿Cómo podría afectar...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Given this evidence for..., an examination of the factors that impact upon… seems warranted.
Dada la evidencia en el caso de..., parece dar lugar a un análisis de los factores que tienen efecto en...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Over a decade ago, … and… started a debate centering on this question: whether…
Hace más de una década, ... y... comenzaron un debate centrándose en la interrogante de si...
Used to present the main hypothesis
This research addresses… by developing and testing a series of hypotheses indicating how… affects...
Esta investigación se ocupa de... por medio del desarrollo y la experimentación con una serie de hipótesis que indican cómo... afecta...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Thus, following the reasoning set forth by..., we hypothesize that…
Siguiendo los argumentos establecidos por X, podemos suponer que...
Used to present the main hypothesis
Some of these arguments have been formalized by..., but none have been tested.
Algunos de estos argumentos han sido formalizados por X, pero ninguno ha sido aún puesto a prueba.
Used to introduce the hypothesis and state that your study is unique
The evidence from these studies suggests a variety of factors related to…
La evidencia arrojada por estos estudios sugiere una variedad de factores relacionados con...
Used to present the factors relevant to your study and your hypothesis
...found a significant correlation between… and…
X encontró una relación significativa entre... y ...
Used to point out someone else's work, which has relevance to your own