Phrases - Academic

The phrases category for academic writing has translations of standard formats and common phrases found in essays and papers. Choose a section and view templates for how to cite, compare issues or conclude your paper.

The phrase dictionary for academic writing is a guide to help you with how to write the most common phrases used in essay, thesis and research paper writing. The category is divided into sections with translations of phrases normally used in different parts of an academic paper.

Writing an academic paper is never an easy thing, even in your own language. Writing it in a foreign language brings the challenge to a whole new level! Academic writing is full of set structures and sentences that you probably have in your mother tongue as well. You are so used to them that you do not notice them and yet you expect to find them in an academic paper or publication.

These set phrases are not quite flexible: even if it were grammatically correct to write them in a different way, they would still read slightly off-key. To avoid that, we have compiled and translated the most common and useful sentences that you might need when drafting an academic paper.

For example the section for Table of Contents offers translations of standard headings. The abbreviations section presents the most commonly used short forms and acronyms. Other sections help you answer questions like: How do you correctly reference a diagram? What is the correct wording for contrasting arguments? How do you define terms correctly? These are examples of what people need help with when writing essays in a second language. A description accompanying every phrase will help you to pick the right phrase for your context.

Making the difference is the key to gather extra points. Bear in mind that your teacher or professor will correct hundreds of papers similar to yours: entertaining him is in your own interest! Rather than writing in a flat tone and using ordinary introduction sentences, have a look at our suggestions. These will give your text some dynamics and keep the reader in a rhythm that will help him follow your thoughts and stay focused. The more pleasant your academic paper, the more likely you will score an A.

We all know the importance of writing a striking conclusion, yet the very last part is always the toughest one, when we are tempted to rush the academic paper to the end. Thanks to the Closing section, you will not only find inspiration how to close your paper in an elegant way, but also how to make sure you won't be leaving a bad impression on your reader with awkward phrasing or choice of words.

Quoting is also a typical pitfall that makes students lose points where they should not be. While quoting citations properly is a cumbersome and repetitive task, there is hardly anything to understand about it. It is all very logical, as long as you know to which quoting you are supposed to refer to. There are numerous, but we have gathered the most common ones here for you to use as a reference.

Abbreviations can be a huge time saver. While you are generally free to make up your own ones, depending on what word or words you will be using most, some are agreed upon and it would not be judicious to summon your fantasy and create new ones. It is a lot wiser to stick to what already exists.

We wish you the best of luck with your academic thesis or research paper!