Czech | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ملحق
- (příloha)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
تقريبا
přibl. (přibližně)
Used when quantity is unknown
الببليوغرافيا
lit. (literatura)
List of sources used
حوالي
cca (cirka)
Used when estimating a quantity
فصل
kap. (kapitola)
A defined section of the work
عمود
- (sloupec)
The vertical part of a table
أطروحة
dis. (disertace, disertační práce)
A complete work on a specific subject
التحرير
edit. (editována kým)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
مثلا
např. (například)
Used when giving an example
خاصّةً
zejm. (zejména)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
إلخ. (إلى آخره)
atd. (a tak dále)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
شكل
obr. (obrázek)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
يعني
tj. (to jest)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
بما في ذلك
vč. (včetně)
Used when adding something to a list
تنبيه
Pozn. (poznámka)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
ًص. (صفحة)
str. (strana)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
صفحات
str. (strany)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
مقدمة
- (předmluva)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
الناشر
publ. (publikováno kým)
Used to name the person who has published the work
راجعه
rev. (revidováno kým)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
إعادة الطباعة
dot. (dotisk)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
ترجمة
přel. (přeloženo kým)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
مجلد
obj. (objem)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work