English | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ملحق
app. (appendix)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
تقريبا
approx. (approximately)
Used when quantity is unknown
الببليوغرافيا
bibliog. (bibliography)
List of sources used
حوالي
ca. (circa)
Used when estimating a quantity
فصل
ch. (chapter)
A defined section of the work
عمود
col. (column)
The vertical part of a table
أطروحة
diss. (dissertation)
A complete work on a specific subject
التحرير
ed. (edited by)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
مثلا
e.g. (exempli gratia)
Used when giving an example
خاصّةً
esp. (especially)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
إلخ. (إلى آخره)
etc. (et cetera)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
شكل
fig. (figure)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
يعني
i.e. (id est)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
بما في ذلك
incl. (including)
Used when adding something to a list
تنبيه
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
ًص. (صفحة)
p. (page)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
صفحات
pp. (pages)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
مقدمة
pref. (preface)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
الناشر
pub. (published by)
Used to name the person who has published the work
راجعه
rev. (revised by)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
إعادة الطباعة
rpt. (reprint)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
ترجمة
trans. (translated by)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
مجلد
vol. (volume)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work