Finnish | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ملحق
Liitteet
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
تقريبا
n. (noin)
Used when quantity is unknown
الببليوغرافيا
Bibliografia
List of sources used
حوالي
n. (noin)
Used when estimating a quantity
فصل
kpl (kappale)
A defined section of the work
عمود
Pylväs
The vertical part of a table
أطروحة
Väitöskirja
A complete work on a specific subject
التحرير
toim. (toimittanut)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
مثلا
esim. (esimerkiksi)
Used when giving an example
خاصّةً
erityisesti
Used when trying to define something more clearly
إلخ. (إلى آخره)
jne. (ja niin edelleen)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
شكل
kaavio
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
يعني
eli
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
بما في ذلك
mukaanlukien
Used when adding something to a list
تنبيه
huom. (huomautus)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
ًص. (صفحة)
s. (sivu)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
صفحات
sivut
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
مقدمة
esipuhe
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
الناشر
julk. (julkaissut)
Used to name the person who has published the work
راجعه
muok. (muokannut)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
إعادة الطباعة
lisäpainos
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
ترجمة
kääntänyt
Used when the work has been translated into another language
مجلد
vol. (volyymi)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work