German | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ملحق
Ah. (Anhang)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
تقريبا
ugf. (ungefähr)
Used when quantity is unknown
الببليوغرافيا
Lit.-Verz. (Literaturverzeichnis)
List of sources used
حوالي
ca. (circa)
Used when estimating a quantity
فصل
K. (Kapitel)
A defined section of the work
عمود
Spalte
The vertical part of a table
أطروحة
Diss. (Dissertation)
A complete work on a specific subject
التحرير
bearb. (bearbeitet von)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
مثلا
z.B. (zum Beispiel)
Used when giving an example
خاصّةً
bes. (besonders)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
إلخ. (إلى آخره)
usw. (und so weiter)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
شكل
Abb. (Abbildung)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
يعني
d.h. (das heißt)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
بما في ذلك
inkl. (inklusive)
Used when adding something to a list
تنبيه
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
ًص. (صفحة)
S. (Seite)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
صفحات
S. (Seiten)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
مقدمة
Vorw. (Vorwort)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
الناشر
hg. (herausgegeben von)
Used to name the person who has published the work
راجعه
geä. (geändert)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
إعادة الطباعة
Nachdr. (Nachdruck)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
ترجمة
übersetzt von
Used when the work has been translated into another language
مجلد
Jg. (Jahrgang)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work