Polish | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ملحق
aneks
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
تقريبا
ok. (około)
Used when quantity is unknown
الببليوغرافيا
bibliografia
List of sources used
حوالي
circa
Used when estimating a quantity
فصل
rozdz. (rozdział)
A defined section of the work
عمود
kolumna
The vertical part of a table
أطروحة
dysertacja
A complete work on a specific subject
التحرير
pod red. (pod redakcją)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
مثلا
np. (na przykład)
Used when giving an example
خاصّةً
szczególnie
Used when trying to define something more clearly
إلخ. (إلى آخره)
itd. (i tak dalej) . itp. (i tym podobne)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
شكل
rys. (rysunek)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
يعني
tj. (to jest)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
بما في ذلك
wliczając
Used when adding something to a list
تنبيه
nb. (notabene/nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
ًص. (صفحة)
str. (strona)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
صفحات
str. (strony)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
مقدمة
wstęp/przedmowa
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
الناشر
wyd. (wydawnictwo)
Used to name the person who has published the work
راجعه
korekta
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
إعادة الطباعة
przedruk
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
ترجمة
tłum. (tłumaczenie)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
مجلد
t. (tom)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work