Russian | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ملحق
прил. (приложения)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
تقريبا
прибл. (приблизительно)
Used when quantity is unknown
الببليوغرافيا
библ. (библиография)
List of sources used
حوالي
ca. (circa -ровно)
Used when estimating a quantity
فصل
гл. (глава)
A defined section of the work
عمود
кол. (колонка)
The vertical part of a table
أطروحة
дисс. (дисертация)
A complete work on a specific subject
التحرير
ред. (редактор ...)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
مثلا
н/р (на пример)
Used when giving an example
خاصّةً
особенно (особенно)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
إلخ. (إلى آخره)
и т.д. (и так далее)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
شكل
рис. (рисунок)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
يعني
т.е. (то есть)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
بما في ذلك
вкл. (включая)
Used when adding something to a list
تنبيه
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
ًص. (صفحة)
стр. (страница)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
صفحات
стр-ы. (страницы)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
مقدمة
прол. (пролог)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
الناشر
изд. (издательство)
Used to name the person who has published the work
راجعه
ред. (просмотрено...)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
إعادة الطباعة
обр. (в обработке...)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
ترجمة
trans. (перевод ...)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
مجلد
vol. (volume - ценность)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work