Spanish | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ملحق
ap. (apéndice)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
تقريبا
aprox. (aproximadamente)
Used when quantity is unknown
الببليوغرافيا
bibl. (bibliografía)
List of sources used
حوالي
circ. (circa)
Used when estimating a quantity
فصل
cap. (capítulo)
A defined section of the work
عمود
col. (columna)
The vertical part of a table
أطروحة
disertación
A complete work on a specific subject
التحرير
editado por
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
مثلا
p. ej. (por ejemplo)
Used when giving an example
خاصّةً
especialmente
Used when trying to define something more clearly
إلخ. (إلى آخره)
etc. (etcétera)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
شكل
fig. (figura)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
يعني
es decir,...
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
بما في ذلك
incl.
Used when adding something to a list
تنبيه
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
ًص. (صفحة)
p. (página)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
صفحات
pp. (páginas)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
مقدمة
Prefacio
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
الناشر
publicado por
Used to name the person who has published the work
راجعه
revisado por
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
إعادة الطباعة
reedición / nueva edición / reimpresión
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
ترجمة
traducido por
Used when the work has been translated into another language
مجلد
t.
Indicates a specific volume or section of work