Arabic | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

app.(附录)
ملحق
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
approx.(大约)
تقريبا
Used when quantity is unknown
bibliog.(引用来源)
الببليوغرافيا
List of sources used
ca.(大约)
حوالي
Used when estimating a quantity
ch.(章)
فصل
A defined section of the work
col.(柱)
عمود
The vertical part of a table
diss.(论文)
أطروحة
A complete work on a specific subject
ed.(编辑)
التحرير
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
e.g.(例如)
مثلا
Used when giving an example
esp.(尤其是)
خاصّةً
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc.(等等)
إلخ. (إلى آخره)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig.(图表)
شكل
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
i.e.(既)
يعني
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
incl.(包括)
بما في ذلك
Used when adding something to a list
N.B.(注意)
تنبيه
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p.(页)
ًص. (صفحة)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp.(页)
صفحات
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
pref.(前言)
مقدمة
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
pub.(由...出版)
الناشر
Used to name the person who has published the work
rev.(由...修改)
راجعه
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
rpt.(转载)
إعادة الطباعة
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
trans.(由...翻译)
ترجمة
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol.(卷)
مجلد
Indicates a specific volume or section of work