Finnish | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

app.(附录)
Liitteet
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
approx.(大约)
n. (noin)
Used when quantity is unknown
bibliog.(引用来源)
Bibliografia
List of sources used
ca.(大约)
n. (noin)
Used when estimating a quantity
ch.(章)
kpl (kappale)
A defined section of the work
col.(柱)
Pylväs
The vertical part of a table
diss.(论文)
Väitöskirja
A complete work on a specific subject
ed.(编辑)
toim. (toimittanut)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
e.g.(例如)
esim. (esimerkiksi)
Used when giving an example
esp.(尤其是)
erityisesti
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc.(等等)
jne. (ja niin edelleen)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig.(图表)
kaavio
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
i.e.(既)
eli
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
incl.(包括)
mukaanlukien
Used when adding something to a list
N.B.(注意)
huom. (huomautus)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p.(页)
s. (sivu)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp.(页)
sivut
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
pref.(前言)
esipuhe
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
pub.(由...出版)
julk. (julkaissut)
Used to name the person who has published the work
rev.(由...修改)
muok. (muokannut)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
rpt.(转载)
lisäpainos
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
trans.(由...翻译)
kääntänyt
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol.(卷)
vol. (volyymi)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work