Arabic | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

- (příloha)
ملحق
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
přibl. (přibližně)
تقريبا
Used when quantity is unknown
lit. (literatura)
الببليوغرافيا
List of sources used
cca (cirka)
حوالي
Used when estimating a quantity
kap. (kapitola)
فصل
A defined section of the work
- (sloupec)
عمود
The vertical part of a table
dis. (disertace, disertační práce)
أطروحة
A complete work on a specific subject
edit. (editována kým)
التحرير
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
např. (například)
مثلا
Used when giving an example
zejm. (zejména)
خاصّةً
Used when trying to define something more clearly
atd. (a tak dále)
إلخ. (إلى آخره)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
obr. (obrázek)
شكل
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
tj. (to jest)
يعني
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
vč. (včetně)
بما في ذلك
Used when adding something to a list
Pozn. (poznámka)
تنبيه
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
str. (strana)
ًص. (صفحة)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
str. (strany)
صفحات
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
- (předmluva)
مقدمة
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
publ. (publikováno kým)
الناشر
Used to name the person who has published the work
rev. (revidováno kým)
راجعه
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
dot. (dotisk)
إعادة الطباعة
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
přel. (přeloženo kým)
ترجمة
Used when the work has been translated into another language
obj. (objem)
مجلد
Indicates a specific volume or section of work