Russian | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

- (příloha)
прил. (приложения)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
přibl. (přibližně)
прибл. (приблизительно)
Used when quantity is unknown
lit. (literatura)
библ. (библиография)
List of sources used
cca (cirka)
ca. (circa -ровно)
Used when estimating a quantity
kap. (kapitola)
гл. (глава)
A defined section of the work
- (sloupec)
кол. (колонка)
The vertical part of a table
dis. (disertace, disertační práce)
дисс. (дисертация)
A complete work on a specific subject
edit. (editována kým)
ред. (редактор ...)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
např. (například)
н/р (на пример)
Used when giving an example
zejm. (zejména)
особенно (особенно)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
atd. (a tak dále)
и т.д. (и так далее)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
obr. (obrázek)
рис. (рисунок)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
tj. (to jest)
т.е. (то есть)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
vč. (včetně)
вкл. (включая)
Used when adding something to a list
Pozn. (poznámka)
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
str. (strana)
стр. (страница)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
str. (strany)
стр-ы. (страницы)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
- (předmluva)
прол. (пролог)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
publ. (publikováno kým)
изд. (издательство)
Used to name the person who has published the work
rev. (revidováno kým)
ред. (просмотрено...)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
dot. (dotisk)
обр. (в обработке...)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
přel. (přeloženo kým)
trans. (перевод ...)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
obj. (objem)
vol. (volume - ценность)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work