Esperanto | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

bilag
ap. (apendico)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ca. (cirka)
proks. (proksimume)
Used when quantity is unknown
bibliografi
bibliog. (bibliografio)
List of sources used
ca. (cirka)
ĉi. (ĉirkaŭ)
Used when estimating a quantity
afsnit
ĉa. (ĉapitro)
A defined section of the work
kolonne
kol. (kolono)
The vertical part of a table
afhandling
dis. (disertacio)
A complete work on a specific subject
redigeret af
ed. (eldonita de)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
f.eks. (for eksempel)
ekz. (ekzemplo)
Used when giving an example
især
prec. (precipe)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
osv. (og så videre)
ktp. (kaj tiel plu)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figur)
fig. (figuro)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
dvs. (det vil sige)
t.e. (tio estas)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
inkl. (inklusive)
ink. (inkluzive)
Used when adding something to a list
NB (notabene)
N.B. (notu bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
side
p. (paĝo)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
s. (sider)
pj. (paĝoj)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
indledning
pref. (prefaco)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
udgivet af
eld. (eldonita de)
Used to name the person who has published the work
revideret af
rev. (reviziita de)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
genoptryk
rep. (represo)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
oversat af
trad. (tradukita de)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
bind
vol. (volumo)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work