Czech | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

app. (appendix)
- (příloha)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
approx. (approximately)
přibl. (přibližně)
Used when quantity is unknown
bibliog. (bibliography)
lit. (literatura)
List of sources used
ca. (circa)
cca (cirka)
Used when estimating a quantity
ch. (chapter)
kap. (kapitola)
A defined section of the work
col. (column)
- (sloupec)
The vertical part of a table
diss. (dissertation)
dis. (disertace, disertační práce)
A complete work on a specific subject
ed. (edited by)
edit. (editována kým)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
e.g. (exempli gratia)
např. (například)
Used when giving an example
esp. (especially)
zejm. (zejména)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc. (et cetera)
atd. (a tak dále)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figure)
obr. (obrázek)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
i.e. (id est)
tj. (to jest)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
incl. (including)
vč. (včetně)
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
Pozn. (poznámka)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p. (page)
str. (strana)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp. (pages)
str. (strany)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
pref. (preface)
- (předmluva)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
pub. (published by)
publ. (publikováno kým)
Used to name the person who has published the work
rev. (revised by)
rev. (revidováno kým)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
rpt. (reprint)
dot. (dotisk)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
trans. (translated by)
přel. (přeloženo kým)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volume)
obj. (objem)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work