Polish | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

app. (appendix)
aneks
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
approx. (approximately)
ok. (około)
Used when quantity is unknown
bibliog. (bibliography)
bibliografia
List of sources used
ca. (circa)
circa
Used when estimating a quantity
ch. (chapter)
rozdz. (rozdział)
A defined section of the work
col. (column)
kolumna
The vertical part of a table
diss. (dissertation)
dysertacja
A complete work on a specific subject
ed. (edited by)
pod red. (pod redakcją)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
e.g. (exempli gratia)
np. (na przykład)
Used when giving an example
esp. (especially)
szczególnie
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc. (et cetera)
itd. (i tak dalej) . itp. (i tym podobne)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figure)
rys. (rysunek)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
i.e. (id est)
tj. (to jest)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
incl. (including)
wliczając
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
nb. (notabene/nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p. (page)
str. (strona)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp. (pages)
str. (strony)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
pref. (preface)
wstęp/przedmowa
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
pub. (published by)
wyd. (wydawnictwo)
Used to name the person who has published the work
rev. (revised by)
korekta
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
rpt. (reprint)
przedruk
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
trans. (translated by)
tłum. (tłumaczenie)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volume)
t. (tom)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work