Arabic | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ap. (apendico)
ملحق
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
proks. (proksimume)
تقريبا
Used when quantity is unknown
bibliog. (bibliografio)
الببليوغرافيا
List of sources used
ĉi. (ĉirkaŭ)
حوالي
Used when estimating a quantity
ĉa. (ĉapitro)
فصل
A defined section of the work
kol. (kolono)
عمود
The vertical part of a table
dis. (disertacio)
أطروحة
A complete work on a specific subject
ed. (eldonita de)
التحرير
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
ekz. (ekzemplo)
مثلا
Used when giving an example
prec. (precipe)
خاصّةً
Used when trying to define something more clearly
ktp. (kaj tiel plu)
إلخ. (إلى آخره)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figuro)
شكل
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
t.e. (tio estas)
يعني
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
ink. (inkluzive)
بما في ذلك
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (notu bene)
تنبيه
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p. (paĝo)
ًص. (صفحة)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pj. (paĝoj)
صفحات
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
pref. (prefaco)
مقدمة
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
eld. (eldonita de)
الناشر
Used to name the person who has published the work
rev. (reviziita de)
راجعه
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
rep. (represo)
إعادة الطباعة
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
trad. (tradukita de)
ترجمة
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volumo)
مجلد
Indicates a specific volume or section of work