Russian | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ap. (apendico)
прил. (приложения)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
proks. (proksimume)
прибл. (приблизительно)
Used when quantity is unknown
bibliog. (bibliografio)
библ. (библиография)
List of sources used
ĉi. (ĉirkaŭ)
ca. (circa -ровно)
Used when estimating a quantity
ĉa. (ĉapitro)
гл. (глава)
A defined section of the work
kol. (kolono)
кол. (колонка)
The vertical part of a table
dis. (disertacio)
дисс. (дисертация)
A complete work on a specific subject
ed. (eldonita de)
ред. (редактор ...)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
ekz. (ekzemplo)
н/р (на пример)
Used when giving an example
prec. (precipe)
особенно (особенно)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
ktp. (kaj tiel plu)
и т.д. (и так далее)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figuro)
рис. (рисунок)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
t.e. (tio estas)
т.е. (то есть)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
ink. (inkluzive)
вкл. (включая)
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (notu bene)
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p. (paĝo)
стр. (страница)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pj. (paĝoj)
стр-ы. (страницы)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
pref. (prefaco)
прол. (пролог)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
eld. (eldonita de)
изд. (издательство)
Used to name the person who has published the work
rev. (reviziita de)
ред. (просмотрено...)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
rep. (represo)
обр. (в обработке...)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
trad. (tradukita de)
trans. (перевод ...)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volumo)
vol. (volume - ценность)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work