Czech | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Liitteet
- (příloha)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
n. (noin)
přibl. (přibližně)
Used when quantity is unknown
Bibliografia
lit. (literatura)
List of sources used
n. (noin)
cca (cirka)
Used when estimating a quantity
kpl (kappale)
kap. (kapitola)
A defined section of the work
Pylväs
- (sloupec)
The vertical part of a table
Väitöskirja
dis. (disertace, disertační práce)
A complete work on a specific subject
toim. (toimittanut)
edit. (editována kým)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
esim. (esimerkiksi)
např. (například)
Used when giving an example
erityisesti
zejm. (zejména)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
jne. (ja niin edelleen)
atd. (a tak dále)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
kaavio
obr. (obrázek)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
eli
tj. (to jest)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
mukaanlukien
vč. (včetně)
Used when adding something to a list
huom. (huomautus)
Pozn. (poznámka)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
s. (sivu)
str. (strana)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
sivut
str. (strany)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
esipuhe
- (předmluva)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
julk. (julkaissut)
publ. (publikováno kým)
Used to name the person who has published the work
muok. (muokannut)
rev. (revidováno kým)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
lisäpainos
dot. (dotisk)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
kääntänyt
přel. (přeloženo kým)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volyymi)
obj. (objem)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work