Esperanto | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Liitteet
ap. (apendico)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
n. (noin)
proks. (proksimume)
Used when quantity is unknown
Bibliografia
bibliog. (bibliografio)
List of sources used
n. (noin)
ĉi. (ĉirkaŭ)
Used when estimating a quantity
kpl (kappale)
ĉa. (ĉapitro)
A defined section of the work
Pylväs
kol. (kolono)
The vertical part of a table
Väitöskirja
dis. (disertacio)
A complete work on a specific subject
toim. (toimittanut)
ed. (eldonita de)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
esim. (esimerkiksi)
ekz. (ekzemplo)
Used when giving an example
erityisesti
prec. (precipe)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
jne. (ja niin edelleen)
ktp. (kaj tiel plu)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
kaavio
fig. (figuro)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
eli
t.e. (tio estas)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
mukaanlukien
ink. (inkluzive)
Used when adding something to a list
huom. (huomautus)
N.B. (notu bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
s. (sivu)
p. (paĝo)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
sivut
pj. (paĝoj)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
esipuhe
pref. (prefaco)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
julk. (julkaissut)
eld. (eldonita de)
Used to name the person who has published the work
muok. (muokannut)
rev. (reviziita de)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
lisäpainos
rep. (represo)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
kääntänyt
trad. (tradukita de)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volyymi)
vol. (volumo)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work