Italian | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Liitteet
Appendice
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
n. (noin)
ca. (circa)
Used when quantity is unknown
Bibliografia
Bibliografia
List of sources used
n. (noin)
ca. (circa)
Used when estimating a quantity
kpl (kappale)
singolare: cap. (capitolo), plurale: capp. (capitoli)
A defined section of the work
Pylväs
Colonna
The vertical part of a table
Väitöskirja
Dissertazione di laurea
A complete work on a specific subject
toim. (toimittanut)
A cura di
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
esim. (esimerkiksi)
e.g. (exempli gratia)
Used when giving an example
erityisesti
Specialmente
Used when trying to define something more clearly
jne. (ja niin edelleen)
etc. (et cetera)/ecc. (eccetera)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
kaavio
fig. (figura)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
eli
i.e. (id est)/cioè
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
mukaanlukien
incl. (incluso)
Used when adding something to a list
huom. (huomautus)
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
s. (sivu)
p. (pagina)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
sivut
pp. (pagine)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
esipuhe
Prefazione/Preambolo
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
julk. (julkaissut)
Pubblicato da
Used to name the person who has published the work
muok. (muokannut)
n.d.A. (nota dell'autore)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
lisäpainos
Opera ristampata
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
kääntänyt
Tradotta da
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volyymi)
vol. (volume)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work