Japanese | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Liitteet
別表
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
n. (noin)
Used when quantity is unknown
Bibliografia
参考文献一覧
List of sources used
n. (noin)
およそ
Used when estimating a quantity
kpl (kappale)
A defined section of the work
Pylväs
The vertical part of a table
Väitöskirja
学位論文
A complete work on a specific subject
toim. (toimittanut)
編さん
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
esim. (esimerkiksi)
Used when giving an example
erityisesti
特に
Used when trying to define something more clearly
jne. (ja niin edelleen)
etc.
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
kaavio
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
eli
すなわち
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
mukaanlukien
含めて
Used when adding something to a list
huom. (huomautus)
注意
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
s. (sivu)
p.(ページ)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
sivut
pp.(ページ 複数)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
esipuhe
序論
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
julk. (julkaissut)
(人物名)出版
Used to name the person who has published the work
muok. (muokannut)
(人物名)編
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
lisäpainos
再版
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
kääntänyt
(人物名)訳
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volyymi)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work