Polish | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Liitteet
aneks
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
n. (noin)
ok. (około)
Used when quantity is unknown
Bibliografia
bibliografia
List of sources used
n. (noin)
circa
Used when estimating a quantity
kpl (kappale)
rozdz. (rozdział)
A defined section of the work
Pylväs
kolumna
The vertical part of a table
Väitöskirja
dysertacja
A complete work on a specific subject
toim. (toimittanut)
pod red. (pod redakcją)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
esim. (esimerkiksi)
np. (na przykład)
Used when giving an example
erityisesti
szczególnie
Used when trying to define something more clearly
jne. (ja niin edelleen)
itd. (i tak dalej) . itp. (i tym podobne)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
kaavio
rys. (rysunek)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
eli
tj. (to jest)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
mukaanlukien
wliczając
Used when adding something to a list
huom. (huomautus)
nb. (notabene/nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
s. (sivu)
str. (strona)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
sivut
str. (strony)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
esipuhe
wstęp/przedmowa
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
julk. (julkaissut)
wyd. (wydawnictwo)
Used to name the person who has published the work
muok. (muokannut)
korekta
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
lisäpainos
przedruk
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
kääntänyt
tłum. (tłumaczenie)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volyymi)
t. (tom)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work