Portuguese | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Liitteet
ap. (apêndice)
apênd. (apêndice)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
n. (noin)
aprox. (aproximadamente)
Used when quantity is unknown
Bibliografia
bibliogr. (bibliografia)
List of sources used
n. (noin)
cerca
Used when estimating a quantity
kpl (kappale)
cap. (capítulo)
A defined section of the work
Pylväs
col. (coluna)
The vertical part of a table
Väitöskirja
dissertação
A complete work on a specific subject
toim. (toimittanut)
ed. (edição)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
esim. (esimerkiksi)
p.ex. (por exemplo)
Used when giving an example
erityisesti
especialmente
Used when trying to define something more clearly
jne. (ja niin edelleen)
etc. (et cetera)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
kaavio
fig. (figura)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
eli
i.e. (id est)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
mukaanlukien
incluindo
Used when adding something to a list
huom. (huomautus)
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
s. (sivu)
p. (página)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
sivut
pp. (páginas)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
esipuhe
prefácio
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
julk. (julkaissut)
E. (editor)
EE. (editores)
Used to name the person who has published the work
muok. (muokannut)
revisado por
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
lisäpainos
reimpresso
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
kääntänyt
Trad. (tradução)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volyymi)
vol. (volume)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work