Vietnamese | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Phụ lục
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
approx. (approximativement)
Xấp xỉ
Used when quantity is unknown
biblio. (bibliographie)
Thư mục
List of sources used
env. (environ)
vào khoảng
Used when estimating a quantity
ch. (chapitre)
A defined section of the work
col. (colonne)
The vertical part of a table
diss. (dissertation)
Luận án
A complete work on a specific subject
éd. (édition)
Biên tập (bởi)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
ex. (exemple)
Used when giving an example
spéc. (spécialement)
Đặc biệt (là)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc. (et cetera)
v.v... (vân vân)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figure)
Biểu đồ
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
c.-à-d. (c'est-à-dire)
Tức là/Nghĩa là
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
incl. (incluant)
Bao gồm
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
Ghi chú
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p. (page)
tr. (trang)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp. (pages)
tr. (trang)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
préf. (préface)
Lời tựa/Lời nói đầu
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
éd. (édité par)
Tác giả
Used to name the person who has published the work
rev. (revu par)
Hiệu chỉnh (bởi)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
réimp. (réimpression)
Tái bản
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
trad. (traduit par)
Người dịch
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volume)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work