Arabic | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Ah. (Anhang)
ملحق
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ugf. (ungefähr)
تقريبا
Used when quantity is unknown
Lit.-Verz. (Literaturverzeichnis)
الببليوغرافيا
List of sources used
ca. (circa)
حوالي
Used when estimating a quantity
K. (Kapitel)
فصل
A defined section of the work
Spalte
عمود
The vertical part of a table
Diss. (Dissertation)
أطروحة
A complete work on a specific subject
bearb. (bearbeitet von)
التحرير
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
z.B. (zum Beispiel)
مثلا
Used when giving an example
bes. (besonders)
خاصّةً
Used when trying to define something more clearly
usw. (und so weiter)
إلخ. (إلى آخره)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
Abb. (Abbildung)
شكل
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
d.h. (das heißt)
يعني
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
inkl. (inklusive)
بما في ذلك
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
تنبيه
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
S. (Seite)
ًص. (صفحة)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
S. (Seiten)
صفحات
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
Vorw. (Vorwort)
مقدمة
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
hg. (herausgegeben von)
الناشر
Used to name the person who has published the work
geä. (geändert)
راجعه
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
Nachdr. (Nachdruck)
إعادة الطباعة
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
übersetzt von
ترجمة
Used when the work has been translated into another language
Jg. (Jahrgang)
مجلد
Indicates a specific volume or section of work