Hindi | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Ah. (Anhang)
परिशिष्ट
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ugf. (ungefähr)
लगभग
Used when quantity is unknown
Lit.-Verz. (Literaturverzeichnis)
ग्रंथ सूची
List of sources used
ca. (circa)
लगभग
Used when estimating a quantity
K. (Kapitel)
अध्याय
A defined section of the work
Spalte
स्तंभ
The vertical part of a table
Diss. (Dissertation)
व्याख्यान
A complete work on a specific subject
bearb. (bearbeitet von)
संपादक
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
z.B. (zum Beispiel)
उदाहरण
Used when giving an example
bes. (besonders)
विशेषतः
Used when trying to define something more clearly
usw. (und so weiter)
आदि.
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
Abb. (Abbildung)
आकृ.
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
d.h. (das heißt)
जो है कि...
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
inkl. (inklusive)
सहित
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
ख़ासकर
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
S. (Seite)
अगला
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
S. (Seiten)
अगला पन्ना
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
Vorw. (Vorwort)
प्रस्तावना
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
hg. (herausgegeben von)
प्रकाशन
Used to name the person who has published the work
geä. (geändert)
पुनरीक्षित
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
Nachdr. (Nachdruck)
पुनर्मुद्रण
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
übersetzt von
अनुवादक
Used when the work has been translated into another language
Jg. (Jahrgang)
विभाग
Indicates a specific volume or section of work