Japanese | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Ah. (Anhang)
別表
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ugf. (ungefähr)
Used when quantity is unknown
Lit.-Verz. (Literaturverzeichnis)
参考文献一覧
List of sources used
ca. (circa)
およそ
Used when estimating a quantity
K. (Kapitel)
A defined section of the work
Spalte
The vertical part of a table
Diss. (Dissertation)
学位論文
A complete work on a specific subject
bearb. (bearbeitet von)
編さん
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
z.B. (zum Beispiel)
Used when giving an example
bes. (besonders)
特に
Used when trying to define something more clearly
usw. (und so weiter)
etc.
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
Abb. (Abbildung)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
d.h. (das heißt)
すなわち
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
inkl. (inklusive)
含めて
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
注意
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
S. (Seite)
p.(ページ)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
S. (Seiten)
pp.(ページ 複数)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
Vorw. (Vorwort)
序論
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
hg. (herausgegeben von)
(人物名)出版
Used to name the person who has published the work
geä. (geändert)
(人物名)編
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
Nachdr. (Nachdruck)
再版
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
übersetzt von
(人物名)訳
Used when the work has been translated into another language
Jg. (Jahrgang)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work