Russian | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Ah. (Anhang)
прил. (приложения)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ugf. (ungefähr)
прибл. (приблизительно)
Used when quantity is unknown
Lit.-Verz. (Literaturverzeichnis)
библ. (библиография)
List of sources used
ca. (circa)
ca. (circa -ровно)
Used when estimating a quantity
K. (Kapitel)
гл. (глава)
A defined section of the work
Spalte
кол. (колонка)
The vertical part of a table
Diss. (Dissertation)
дисс. (дисертация)
A complete work on a specific subject
bearb. (bearbeitet von)
ред. (редактор ...)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
z.B. (zum Beispiel)
н/р (на пример)
Used when giving an example
bes. (besonders)
особенно (особенно)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
usw. (und so weiter)
и т.д. (и так далее)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
Abb. (Abbildung)
рис. (рисунок)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
d.h. (das heißt)
т.е. (то есть)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
inkl. (inklusive)
вкл. (включая)
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
S. (Seite)
стр. (страница)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
S. (Seiten)
стр-ы. (страницы)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
Vorw. (Vorwort)
прол. (пролог)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
hg. (herausgegeben von)
изд. (издательство)
Used to name the person who has published the work
geä. (geändert)
ред. (просмотрено...)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
Nachdr. (Nachdruck)
обр. (в обработке...)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
übersetzt von
trans. (перевод ...)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
Jg. (Jahrgang)
vol. (volume - ценность)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work