French | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

परिशिष्ट
annexe
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
लगभग
approx. (approximativement)
Used when quantity is unknown
ग्रंथ सूची
biblio. (bibliographie)
List of sources used
लगभग
env. (environ)
Used when estimating a quantity
अध्याय
ch. (chapitre)
A defined section of the work
स्तंभ
col. (colonne)
The vertical part of a table
व्याख्यान
diss. (dissertation)
A complete work on a specific subject
संपादक
éd. (édition)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
उदाहरण
ex. (exemple)
Used when giving an example
विशेषतः
spéc. (spécialement)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
आदि.
etc. (et cetera)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
आकृ.
fig. (figure)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
जो है कि...
c.-à-d. (c'est-à-dire)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
सहित
incl. (incluant)
Used when adding something to a list
ख़ासकर
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
अगला
p. (page)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
अगला पन्ना
pp. (pages)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
प्रस्तावना
préf. (préface)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
प्रकाशन
éd. (édité par)
Used to name the person who has published the work
पुनरीक्षित
rev. (revu par)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
पुनर्मुद्रण
réimp. (réimpression)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
अनुवादक
trad. (traduit par)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
विभाग
vol. (volume)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work