German | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

परिशिष्ट
Ah. (Anhang)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
लगभग
ugf. (ungefähr)
Used when quantity is unknown
ग्रंथ सूची
Lit.-Verz. (Literaturverzeichnis)
List of sources used
लगभग
ca. (circa)
Used when estimating a quantity
अध्याय
K. (Kapitel)
A defined section of the work
स्तंभ
Spalte
The vertical part of a table
व्याख्यान
Diss. (Dissertation)
A complete work on a specific subject
संपादक
bearb. (bearbeitet von)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
उदाहरण
z.B. (zum Beispiel)
Used when giving an example
विशेषतः
bes. (besonders)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
आदि.
usw. (und so weiter)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
आकृ.
Abb. (Abbildung)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
जो है कि...
d.h. (das heißt)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
सहित
inkl. (inklusive)
Used when adding something to a list
ख़ासकर
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
अगला
S. (Seite)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
अगला पन्ना
S. (Seiten)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
प्रस्तावना
Vorw. (Vorwort)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
प्रकाशन
hg. (herausgegeben von)
Used to name the person who has published the work
पुनरीक्षित
geä. (geändert)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
पुनर्मुद्रण
Nachdr. (Nachdruck)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
अनुवादक
übersetzt von
Used when the work has been translated into another language
विभाग
Jg. (Jahrgang)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work