Polish | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

परिशिष्ट
aneks
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
लगभग
ok. (około)
Used when quantity is unknown
ग्रंथ सूची
bibliografia
List of sources used
लगभग
circa
Used when estimating a quantity
अध्याय
rozdz. (rozdział)
A defined section of the work
स्तंभ
kolumna
The vertical part of a table
व्याख्यान
dysertacja
A complete work on a specific subject
संपादक
pod red. (pod redakcją)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
उदाहरण
np. (na przykład)
Used when giving an example
विशेषतः
szczególnie
Used when trying to define something more clearly
आदि.
itd. (i tak dalej) . itp. (i tym podobne)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
आकृ.
rys. (rysunek)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
जो है कि...
tj. (to jest)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
सहित
wliczając
Used when adding something to a list
ख़ासकर
nb. (notabene/nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
अगला
str. (strona)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
अगला पन्ना
str. (strony)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
प्रस्तावना
wstęp/przedmowa
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
प्रकाशन
wyd. (wydawnictwo)
Used to name the person who has published the work
पुनरीक्षित
korekta
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
पुनर्मुद्रण
przedruk
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
अनुवादक
tłum. (tłumaczenie)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
विभाग
t. (tom)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work