Russian | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

परिशिष्ट
прил. (приложения)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
लगभग
прибл. (приблизительно)
Used when quantity is unknown
ग्रंथ सूची
библ. (библиография)
List of sources used
लगभग
ca. (circa -ровно)
Used when estimating a quantity
अध्याय
гл. (глава)
A defined section of the work
स्तंभ
кол. (колонка)
The vertical part of a table
व्याख्यान
дисс. (дисертация)
A complete work on a specific subject
संपादक
ред. (редактор ...)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
उदाहरण
н/р (на пример)
Used when giving an example
विशेषतः
особенно (особенно)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
आदि.
и т.д. (и так далее)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
आकृ.
рис. (рисунок)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
जो है कि...
т.е. (то есть)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
सहित
вкл. (включая)
Used when adding something to a list
ख़ासकर
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
अगला
стр. (страница)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
अगला पन्ना
стр-ы. (страницы)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
प्रस्तावना
прол. (пролог)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
प्रकाशन
изд. (издательство)
Used to name the person who has published the work
पुनरीक्षित
ред. (просмотрено...)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
पुनर्मुद्रण
обр. (в обработке...)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
अनुवादक
trans. (перевод ...)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
विभाग
vol. (volume - ценность)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work