German | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

függ. (függelék)
Ah. (Anhang)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
kb. (körülbelül)
ugf. (ungefähr)
Used when quantity is unknown
bibliog. (bibliográfia)
Lit.-Verz. (Literaturverzeichnis)
List of sources used
kb. (körülbelül)
ca. (circa)
Used when estimating a quantity
fej. (fejezet)
K. (Kapitel)
A defined section of the work
oszl. (oszlop)
The vertical part of a table
dissz. (disszertáció)
Diss. (Dissertation)
A complete work on a specific subject
szerk. (szerkesztette X)
bearb. (bearbeitet von)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
pl. (például)
z.B. (zum Beispiel)
Used when giving an example
kül. (különösen)
bes. (besonders)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
stb. (és így tovább)
usw. (und so weiter)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
ábr. (ábra)
Abb. (Abbildung)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
d.h. (das heißt)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
inkl. (inklusive)
Used when adding something to a list
Jegyezd meg/Fontos/Megjegyzendő
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
o./old. (oldal)
S. (Seite)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
o./old. (oldal/oldalak)
S. (Seiten)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
Vorw. (Vorwort)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
kiad. (kiadta X/kiadó)
hg. (herausgegeben von)
Used to name the person who has published the work
Átdolgozta X
geä. (geändert)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
Nachdr. (Nachdruck)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
ford. (fordította X)
übersetzt von
Used when the work has been translated into another language
köt. (kötet)
Jg. (Jahrgang)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work