German | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

Appendice
Ah. (Anhang)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ca. (circa)
ugf. (ungefähr)
Used when quantity is unknown
Bibliografia
Lit.-Verz. (Literaturverzeichnis)
List of sources used
ca. (circa)
ca. (circa)
Used when estimating a quantity
singolare: cap. (capitolo), plurale: capp. (capitoli)
K. (Kapitel)
A defined section of the work
Colonna
Spalte
The vertical part of a table
Dissertazione di laurea
Diss. (Dissertation)
A complete work on a specific subject
A cura di
bearb. (bearbeitet von)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
e.g. (exempli gratia)
z.B. (zum Beispiel)
Used when giving an example
Specialmente
bes. (besonders)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc. (et cetera)/ecc. (eccetera)
usw. (und so weiter)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figura)
Abb. (Abbildung)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
i.e. (id est)/cioè
d.h. (das heißt)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
incl. (incluso)
inkl. (inklusive)
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p. (pagina)
S. (Seite)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp. (pagine)
S. (Seiten)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
Prefazione/Preambolo
Vorw. (Vorwort)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
Pubblicato da
hg. (herausgegeben von)
Used to name the person who has published the work
n.d.A. (nota dell'autore)
geä. (geändert)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
Opera ristampata
Nachdr. (Nachdruck)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
Tradotta da
übersetzt von
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volume)
Jg. (Jahrgang)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work