Russian | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

прил. (приложения)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ca. (circa)
прибл. (приблизительно)
Used when quantity is unknown
библ. (библиография)
List of sources used
ca. (circa)
ca. (circa -ровно)
Used when estimating a quantity
singolare: cap. (capitolo), plurale: capp. (capitoli)
гл. (глава)
A defined section of the work
кол. (колонка)
The vertical part of a table
Dissertazione di laurea
дисс. (дисертация)
A complete work on a specific subject
A cura di
ред. (редактор ...)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
e.g. (exempli gratia)
н/р (на пример)
Used when giving an example
особенно (особенно)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc. (et cetera)/ecc. (eccetera)
и т.д. (и так далее)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figura)
рис. (рисунок)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
i.e. (id est)/cioè
т.е. (то есть)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
incl. (incluso)
вкл. (включая)
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p. (pagina)
стр. (страница)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp. (pagine)
стр-ы. (страницы)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
прол. (пролог)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
Pubblicato da
изд. (издательство)
Used to name the person who has published the work
n.d.A. (nota dell'autore)
ред. (просмотрено...)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
Opera ristampata
обр. (в обработке...)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
Tradotta da
trans. (перевод ...)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volume)
vol. (volume - ценность)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work