Esperanto | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

別表
ap. (apendico)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
proks. (proksimume)
Used when quantity is unknown
参考文献一覧
bibliog. (bibliografio)
List of sources used
およそ
ĉi. (ĉirkaŭ)
Used when estimating a quantity
ĉa. (ĉapitro)
A defined section of the work
kol. (kolono)
The vertical part of a table
学位論文
dis. (disertacio)
A complete work on a specific subject
編さん
ed. (eldonita de)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
ekz. (ekzemplo)
Used when giving an example
特に
prec. (precipe)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc.
ktp. (kaj tiel plu)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figuro)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
すなわち
t.e. (tio estas)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
含めて
ink. (inkluzive)
Used when adding something to a list
注意
N.B. (notu bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p.(ページ)
p. (paĝo)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp.(ページ 複数)
pj. (paĝoj)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
序論
pref. (prefaco)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
(人物名)出版
eld. (eldonita de)
Used to name the person who has published the work
(人物名)編
rev. (reviziita de)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
再版
rep. (represo)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
(人物名)訳
trad. (tradukita de)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volumo)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work