German | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

別表
Ah. (Anhang)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ugf. (ungefähr)
Used when quantity is unknown
参考文献一覧
Lit.-Verz. (Literaturverzeichnis)
List of sources used
およそ
ca. (circa)
Used when estimating a quantity
K. (Kapitel)
A defined section of the work
Spalte
The vertical part of a table
学位論文
Diss. (Dissertation)
A complete work on a specific subject
編さん
bearb. (bearbeitet von)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
z.B. (zum Beispiel)
Used when giving an example
特に
bes. (besonders)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc.
usw. (und so weiter)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
Abb. (Abbildung)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
すなわち
d.h. (das heißt)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
含めて
inkl. (inklusive)
Used when adding something to a list
注意
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p.(ページ)
S. (Seite)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp.(ページ 複数)
S. (Seiten)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
序論
Vorw. (Vorwort)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
(人物名)出版
hg. (herausgegeben von)
Used to name the person who has published the work
(人物名)編
geä. (geändert)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
再版
Nachdr. (Nachdruck)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
(人物名)訳
übersetzt von
Used when the work has been translated into another language
Jg. (Jahrgang)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work