Polish | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

別表
aneks
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ok. (około)
Used when quantity is unknown
参考文献一覧
bibliografia
List of sources used
およそ
circa
Used when estimating a quantity
rozdz. (rozdział)
A defined section of the work
kolumna
The vertical part of a table
学位論文
dysertacja
A complete work on a specific subject
編さん
pod red. (pod redakcją)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
np. (na przykład)
Used when giving an example
特に
szczególnie
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc.
itd. (i tak dalej) . itp. (i tym podobne)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
rys. (rysunek)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
すなわち
tj. (to jest)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
含めて
wliczając
Used when adding something to a list
注意
nb. (notabene/nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p.(ページ)
str. (strona)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp.(ページ 複数)
str. (strony)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
序論
wstęp/przedmowa
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
(人物名)出版
wyd. (wydawnictwo)
Used to name the person who has published the work
(人物名)編
korekta
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
再版
przedruk
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
(人物名)訳
tłum. (tłumaczenie)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
t. (tom)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work