Portuguese | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

別表
ap. (apêndice)
apênd. (apêndice)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
aprox. (aproximadamente)
Used when quantity is unknown
参考文献一覧
bibliogr. (bibliografia)
List of sources used
およそ
cerca
Used when estimating a quantity
cap. (capítulo)
A defined section of the work
col. (coluna)
The vertical part of a table
学位論文
dissertação
A complete work on a specific subject
編さん
ed. (edição)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
p.ex. (por exemplo)
Used when giving an example
特に
especialmente
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc.
etc. (et cetera)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figura)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
すなわち
i.e. (id est)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
含めて
incluindo
Used when adding something to a list
注意
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p.(ページ)
p. (página)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp.(ページ 複数)
pp. (páginas)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
序論
prefácio
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
(人物名)出版
E. (editor)
EE. (editores)
Used to name the person who has published the work
(人物名)編
revisado por
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
再版
reimpresso
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
(人物名)訳
Trad. (tradução)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volume)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work