Esperanto | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

부록
ap. (apendico)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
대략
proks. (proksimume)
Used when quantity is unknown
참고 문헌 목록
bibliog. (bibliografio)
List of sources used
대략
ĉi. (ĉirkaŭ)
Used when estimating a quantity
제 (숫자 ex. 1) 장
ĉa. (ĉapitro)
A defined section of the work
세로줄
kol. (kolono)
The vertical part of a table
논문
dis. (disertacio)
A complete work on a specific subject
편집
ed. (eldonita de)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
예,
ekz. (ekzemplo)
Used when giving an example
특히,
prec. (precipe)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
등...
ktp. (kaj tiel plu)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figuro)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
즉,
t.e. (tio estas)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
... 포함
ink. (inkluzive)
Used when adding something to a list
주의
N.B. (notu bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p.
p. (paĝo)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp.
pj. (paĝoj)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
서두
pref. (prefaco)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
(홍길동) 지음
eld. (eldonita de)
Used to name the person who has published the work
(홍길동) 개정
rev. (reviziita de)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
재판본
rep. (represo)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
(홍길동) 번역
trad. (tradukita de)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
제 (몇) 판
vol. (volumo)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work