German | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

부록
Ah. (Anhang)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
대략
ugf. (ungefähr)
Used when quantity is unknown
참고 문헌 목록
Lit.-Verz. (Literaturverzeichnis)
List of sources used
대략
ca. (circa)
Used when estimating a quantity
제 (숫자 ex. 1) 장
K. (Kapitel)
A defined section of the work
세로줄
Spalte
The vertical part of a table
논문
Diss. (Dissertation)
A complete work on a specific subject
편집
bearb. (bearbeitet von)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
예,
z.B. (zum Beispiel)
Used when giving an example
특히,
bes. (besonders)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
등...
usw. (und so weiter)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
Abb. (Abbildung)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
즉,
d.h. (das heißt)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
... 포함
inkl. (inklusive)
Used when adding something to a list
주의
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p.
S. (Seite)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp.
S. (Seiten)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
서두
Vorw. (Vorwort)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
(홍길동) 지음
hg. (herausgegeben von)
Used to name the person who has published the work
(홍길동) 개정
geä. (geändert)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
재판본
Nachdr. (Nachdruck)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
(홍길동) 번역
übersetzt von
Used when the work has been translated into another language
제 (몇) 판
Jg. (Jahrgang)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work