Arabic | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

aneks
ملحق
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ok. (około)
تقريبا
Used when quantity is unknown
bibliografia
الببليوغرافيا
List of sources used
circa
حوالي
Used when estimating a quantity
rozdz. (rozdział)
فصل
A defined section of the work
kolumna
عمود
The vertical part of a table
dysertacja
أطروحة
A complete work on a specific subject
pod red. (pod redakcją)
التحرير
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
np. (na przykład)
مثلا
Used when giving an example
szczególnie
خاصّةً
Used when trying to define something more clearly
itd. (i tak dalej) . itp. (i tym podobne)
إلخ. (إلى آخره)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
rys. (rysunek)
شكل
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
tj. (to jest)
يعني
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
wliczając
بما في ذلك
Used when adding something to a list
nb. (notabene/nota bene)
تنبيه
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
str. (strona)
ًص. (صفحة)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
str. (strony)
صفحات
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
wstęp/przedmowa
مقدمة
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
wyd. (wydawnictwo)
الناشر
Used to name the person who has published the work
korekta
راجعه
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
przedruk
إعادة الطباعة
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
tłum. (tłumaczenie)
ترجمة
Used when the work has been translated into another language
t. (tom)
مجلد
Indicates a specific volume or section of work