Japanese | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

aneks
別表
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ok. (około)
Used when quantity is unknown
bibliografia
参考文献一覧
List of sources used
circa
およそ
Used when estimating a quantity
rozdz. (rozdział)
A defined section of the work
kolumna
The vertical part of a table
dysertacja
学位論文
A complete work on a specific subject
pod red. (pod redakcją)
編さん
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
np. (na przykład)
Used when giving an example
szczególnie
特に
Used when trying to define something more clearly
itd. (i tak dalej) . itp. (i tym podobne)
etc.
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
rys. (rysunek)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
tj. (to jest)
すなわち
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
wliczając
含めて
Used when adding something to a list
nb. (notabene/nota bene)
注意
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
str. (strona)
p.(ページ)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
str. (strony)
pp.(ページ 複数)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
wstęp/przedmowa
序論
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
wyd. (wydawnictwo)
(人物名)出版
Used to name the person who has published the work
korekta
(人物名)編
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
przedruk
再版
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
tłum. (tłumaczenie)
(人物名)訳
Used when the work has been translated into another language
t. (tom)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work