Russian | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

aneks
прил. (приложения)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
ok. (około)
прибл. (приблизительно)
Used when quantity is unknown
bibliografia
библ. (библиография)
List of sources used
circa
ca. (circa -ровно)
Used when estimating a quantity
rozdz. (rozdział)
гл. (глава)
A defined section of the work
kolumna
кол. (колонка)
The vertical part of a table
dysertacja
дисс. (дисертация)
A complete work on a specific subject
pod red. (pod redakcją)
ред. (редактор ...)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
np. (na przykład)
н/р (на пример)
Used when giving an example
szczególnie
особенно (особенно)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
itd. (i tak dalej) . itp. (i tym podobne)
и т.д. (и так далее)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
rys. (rysunek)
рис. (рисунок)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
tj. (to jest)
т.е. (то есть)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
wliczając
вкл. (включая)
Used when adding something to a list
nb. (notabene/nota bene)
N.B. (nota bene)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
str. (strona)
стр. (страница)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
str. (strony)
стр-ы. (страницы)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
wstęp/przedmowa
прол. (пролог)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
wyd. (wydawnictwo)
изд. (издательство)
Used to name the person who has published the work
korekta
ред. (просмотрено...)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
przedruk
обр. (в обработке...)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
tłum. (tłumaczenie)
trans. (перевод ...)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
t. (tom)
vol. (volume - ценность)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work