Japanese | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ap. (apêndice)
apênd. (apêndice)
別表
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
aprox. (aproximadamente)
Used when quantity is unknown
bibliogr. (bibliografia)
参考文献一覧
List of sources used
cerca
およそ
Used when estimating a quantity
cap. (capítulo)
A defined section of the work
col. (coluna)
The vertical part of a table
dissertação
学位論文
A complete work on a specific subject
ed. (edição)
編さん
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
p.ex. (por exemplo)
Used when giving an example
especialmente
特に
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc. (et cetera)
etc.
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figura)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
i.e. (id est)
すなわち
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
incluindo
含めて
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
注意
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p. (página)
p.(ページ)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp. (páginas)
pp.(ページ 複数)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
prefácio
序論
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
E. (editor)
EE. (editores)
(人物名)出版
Used to name the person who has published the work
revisado por
(人物名)編
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
reimpresso
再版
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
Trad. (tradução)
(人物名)訳
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volume)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work