Thai | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

ap. (apêndice)
apênd. (apêndice)
(ภาคผนวก)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
aprox. (aproximadamente)
ประมาณ
Used when quantity is unknown
bibliogr. (bibliografia)
บรรณานุกรม
List of sources used
cerca
ประมาณ
Used when estimating a quantity
cap. (capítulo)
บท
A defined section of the work
col. (coluna)
คอลัมน์
The vertical part of a table
dissertação
ปริญญานิพนธ์
A complete work on a specific subject
ed. (edição)
แก้ไขโดย
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
p.ex. (por exemplo)
ตัวอย่างเช่น
Used when giving an example
especialmente
โดยเฉพาะ
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc. (et cetera)
และอื่นๆอีกมากมาย
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figura)
ตัวเลข
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
i.e. (id est)
กล่าวคือ
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
incluindo
ประกอบไปด้วย
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
หมายเหตุ
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p. (página)
หน้า
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp. (páginas)
หน้า
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
prefácio
คำนำ
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
E. (editor)
EE. (editores)
ตีพิมพ์โดย
Used to name the person who has published the work
revisado por
ทบทวนโดย
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
reimpresso
พิมพ์ใหม่อีกครั้ง
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
Trad. (tradução)
แปลโดย
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volume)
ระดับ
Indicates a specific volume or section of work