Czech | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

app. (appendix)
- (příloha)
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
aprox. (aproximativ)
přibl. (přibližně)
Used when quantity is unknown
Bibliografie - nu se prescurtează
lit. (literatura)
List of sources used
cca (circa)
cca (cirka)
Used when estimating a quantity
cap. (capitol)
kap. (kapitola)
A defined section of the work
col. (coloană)
- (sloupec)
The vertical part of a table
Disertaţie - nu se abreviază
dis. (disertace, disertační práce)
A complete work on a specific subject
n.t. (nota traducătorului)
edit. (editována kým)
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
ex. (exemplu)
např. (například)
Used when giving an example
Nu există o abreviere corespunzătoare în limba română
zejm. (zejména)
Used when trying to define something more clearly
etc. (et cetera/caetera-lat.)
atd. (a tak dále)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
fig. (figura)
obr. (obrázek)
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
tj. (to jest)
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
inclusiv - nu se abreviază
vč. (včetně)
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
Pozn. (poznámka)
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
p./pg. (pagina)
str. (strana)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
pp. (paginile)
str. (strany)
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
pref. (prefaţă)
- (předmluva)
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
ed. (editat de)
publ. (publikováno kým)
Used to name the person who has published the work
red. (redactor)
rev. (revidováno kým)
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
reed. (reeditarea)
dot. (dotisk)
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
trad. (tradusă de)
přel. (přeloženo kým)
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volumul/tomul)
obj. (objem)
Indicates a specific volume or section of work