Arabic | Phrases - Academic | Abbreviations

Abbreviations - Academic Abbreviations

прил. (приложения)
ملحق
Used when there are relevant files added to the work
прибл. (приблизительно)
تقريبا
Used when quantity is unknown
библ. (библиография)
الببليوغرافيا
List of sources used
ca. (circa -ровно)
حوالي
Used when estimating a quantity
гл. (глава)
فصل
A defined section of the work
кол. (колонка)
عمود
The vertical part of a table
дисс. (дисертация)
أطروحة
A complete work on a specific subject
ред. (редактор ...)
التحرير
Used when the work has been altered by a third party
н/р (на пример)
مثلا
Used when giving an example
особенно (особенно)
خاصّةً
Used when trying to define something more clearly
и т.д. (и так далее)
إلخ. (إلى آخره)
Used when stating an infinite list, literally meaning 'and so forth'
рис. (рисунок)
شكل
A diagram that accompanies part of the work
т.е. (то есть)
يعني
Used when developing an idea, literally meaning 'therefore' or 'that is'
вкл. (включая)
بما في ذلك
Used when adding something to a list
N.B. (nota bene)
تنبيه
Used when a person is required to take note of something important
стр. (страница)
ًص. (صفحة)
Each individual side of paper in a manuscript
стр-ы. (страницы)
صفحات
Several sides of paper in a manuscript
прол. (пролог)
مقدمة
A short paragraph that provides a background to a study
изд. (издательство)
الناشر
Used to name the person who has published the work
ред. (просмотрено...)
راجعه
Used when the work has been altered slightly by someone to make it more relevant to the current audience
обр. (в обработке...)
إعادة الطباعة
Used when the work is not an original, but a direct copy
trans. (перевод ...)
ترجمة
Used when the work has been translated into another language
vol. (volume - ценность)
مجلد
Indicates a specific volume or section of work